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Unlike his ancestors, Genghis Khan and Timur, Babur was no marauding invader who looked at India with the eyes of a plunderer. The foundation he laid gave rise to one of the most powerful dynasties that ever ruled India, The Mughal Dynasty. This collection tells of Babur's life before he came to India. It traces the misfortune of his son, Humayun, as he struggled to retain the throne of Delhi, and tells of the glorious rule of Akbar, the greatest of all Mughals, who cared for his subjects like a father but was unable to communicate the same love to his son, Jahangir. And finally it tells of the fifth Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan, whose life touched the heights of joy and the depths of suffering.
Hardbound set of 5 comics includes the following titles:
Shah Jahan (642)
Babur: Descended from the house of Timur and Genghis Khan, Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur founded the Mughal dynasty in India. But the emperor of Hindustan lived for most of his early life as an exile in and around his homeland in Central Asia. Declared ruler of Farghana at the age of 12, the young boy had to contend with treacherous uncles, tyrant neighbours and rebellious generals. But Babur dealt with all of them even while moving towards his historic tryst with India.
Humayun: His name meant 'The Fortunate One', but Humayun, second Mughal emperor of India, was plagued by problems from the time he ascended the throne. Not only was he betrayed by the brothers he loved but was also threatened by formidable foes like Sher Shah and Bahadur Shah. How Humayun lost his kingdom and regained it is a fascinating story of struggle and perseverance.
Akbar: Akbar was the son of Humayun and Hamida Begum. His father was a Sunni, while his mother was a Shia. These were rival Muslim sects but Akbar seemed to lean towards the Shia doctrine. This made things difficult as his court had a large number of Sunnis. Akbar's problem was one that exists even today - that of uniting all creeds and races. He wanted to bring into the mainstream not only the Muslim sects but also the Rajputs and other Hindus. His reforms, which were meant to help all sections, included the abolition of sati, child marriage and jizya (a tax imposed on Hindus but not on Muslims). Anyone with talent in any field (including music and painting) was welcome in Akbar's court. Tansen, Baz Bahadur and Birbal were associated with the Mughal court. Rajput princes, who felt attracted to his personality and ideals, worked loyally for him as generals and ministers. Among these were Man Singh, Bhagwandas and Todar Mall. Akbar traced his lineage to the great Timur and Chingiz Khan of Turkish and Mongol descent. By his marriage to the Rajput princess of Amber (who was later to become the mother of the future emperor, Jehangir) he sealed his links with Hindustan. After Akbar's victory at the second Battle of Panipat, there was never against the need to return to Kabul and the mountain regions of his ancestors.
Jahangir: It is tough to be a famous junior, and more so when the senior happens to be Akbar, the Mughal-e-Azam. This was the tragedy of Jahangir. It was a personal tragedy in which neither Anarkali not Noor Jahan had any role, though popular stories associate these two women, more than anyone else with Jahangir. Jahangir's love for his father was deep and his admiration vast. Therefore, he could not brook the sense of rejection when he found Akbar, his father, more and more smothered by Akbar, the emperor. The early intimacy between father and son was largely responsible for moulding the son's personality and especially his interest in nature. The events described in this book are based on the memoirs of Akbar and Jahangir and other historical records.
Shah Jahan: Shah Jahan was the fifth of the Great Mughals. He was courageous, ambitious, quick-witted and intelligent. He was the favourite of Akbar. It was Jahangir who called him 'in all respects the first of my sons'. Jahangir's reign was noted for a series of brilliant victories in Mewar, the Deccan and Kangra, won mainly by Shah Jahan (who was then known as Prince Khurram). Shah Jahan had a passion for splendour and display. Adorned by the Peacock Throne, his court was the epitome of pomp and magnificence, attracting awed travellers from all over the world. Shah Jahan was a lover and a patron of the arts. Painting, music, literature flourished in his reign. But his fame rested mainly on the architectural wonders he created. He laid the foundation of the Red Fort in Delhi in 1638. When, after ten years of sustained work, the construction was completed, he marched into the city in a triumphant procession. Shah Jahan's life was a study in contrasts. It touches the heights of happiness and success - and the depths of loss and suffering.